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Us Agreement With Paris
december 19, 2020
On June 1, 2017, U.S. President Donald Trump announced that the United States would end all participation in the 2015 Paris Climate Change Agreement and begin negotiations to reintroduce the agreement “on a level playing field for the United States, its businesses, its workers, their people, its taxpayers” or form a new agreement.  In withdrawing from the agreement, Trump said that “the Paris agreement will hurt the U.S. economy” and “permanently penalize the United States.”   Trump stated that the withdrawal would be consistent with his America First policy. Trump could not leave the agreement immediately – he can only do so after the November election, in a strange time. If the United States pulls through, it could still have a voice in the UN climate negotiations. That is because he would still be a member of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, the body that created the Paris Agreement. However, America would be reduced to observer status, meaning its negotiators could attend meetings and cooperate with other countries to produce results, but not vote on decisions. The official objective of the agreement is to prevent the 2C world from becoming warmer than before industrialization. But its goal is to limit warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius, a best-case scenario that scientists see slipping out of reach. “The question is, would it continue without the United States on board?” he said. Although celebrated by some members of the Republican Party, international reactions to the withdrawal of the entire political spectrum were largely negative, and the decision was strongly criticized by religious organizations, businesses, political leaders of all parties, environmentalists and scientists and citizens of the United States and internationally.    For its June 2, 2017 edition, the New York Daily News hosted its famous 1975 cover “Ford to City: Drop Dead” with a photo of Trump and the words “Trump to World: Drop Dead.”  In accordance with Article 28 of the Paris Agreement, a country cannot announce its withdrawal from the agreement until three years after it came into force in the country concerned, which was in the case of the United States on November 4, 2016.
Later, the White House said the United States would abide by the four-year withdrawal process.  On November 4, 2019, the administration announced a formal intention to resign, which takes 12 months. Until the withdrawal came into effect, the United States was required to meet its obligations under the agreement, such as the obligation to continue reporting its emissions to the United Nations.  The withdrawal came into effect on November 4, 2020, the day after the 2020 U.S. presidential elections.  Michael Bloomberg pledged $15 million to the executive secretariat of the United Nations Convention on Climate Change and said, “The Americans will honor and respect the Paris Agreement by going down to the bottom – and there is nothing Washington can do to stop us.”  Shortly after Trump`s announcement, 30 mayors, three governors, more than eighty university presidents and the leaders of more than 100 companies joined Bloomberg to begin negotiations with the United Nations to present a plan to limit U.S. climate emissions, in accordance with the guidelines of the Paris Agreement.  Others hope that the withdrawal of the United States will, among other things, lead to a sense of unity and create new leadership.